Properties of Ozone

Ozonun-Özellikleri-300x225

As a result of various studies and experiments with ozone , because ozone is a powerful oxidizing water and air deodorant, germicidal , polluting the environment can be used as a destroyer of many organic molecules understood and accepted. Active oxygen ( ozone O3 ) is the most effective antimicrobial and anti-odor . Median income in nature through the sun’s UV rays or lightning strikes . Available as a protective shield around the earth and all living things, protects against the effects of lethal radiation .

The thickness of the ozone layer , calculated at normal atmospheric pressure and reduced sıaklığına 0.3 cm = 3 mm = 300 Dobson units ( Dobson Units ), respectively. 300 DU = 8:07 x 6:42 x 10-3 kg/m2 1022 molekül/m2 or equal to .

Ozone , ambient air pollution and bad odors. Ozone breaks down dust from living and working in the fields surrounding kills germs . Is a very effective disinfectant. In this way creates a healthy environment , gives people the feeling of freshness and well-being . Concentration and continuity of your business better sağlar.Ozonun think the most important feature is a completely natural response is a very effective disinfectant . Ozonhiç not leave a residue , is a chemical component . Thanks to this feature, which is a product of the natural cycle of nature in a very adverse effect of ozone in the other disinfectants and can be much cheaper than both healthy and economical solution.

With these characteristics, ozone , is of great importance for the sector, a lot .
Odors to destroy ozone

Hospital , cigarettes, meat, poultry and fish odors , Cooking Oil , Burnt food odors , smells of water , carbon monoxide, odors , fish , onions, garlic odors , carpet Bathroom, mold, animal , Paint , Alcohol, Coal , Gas , Medical , Fire , Sewer , Landfill, Carrion , wastewater treatment plant , ammonia (urine) smell , … in short, all odors.
Advantages of Ozone Gas by other disinfectants

Ozone is a gas having a very high oxidation strength and the most powerful disinfectant.
High oxidation power, to play an active role in the full destruction of ozone is caused by bacteria .
The disinfecting effect of ozone gas , under the same conditions klorunkinden is more than 3125 times . Sports, cysts and viruses are more effective than chlorine .
Also, ozone is produced by fragmentation of the oxygen in the air after completing disinfection due to the unstable nature is always the raw material into oxygen . After ozone disinfection, disinfectant residual , and the fact that one does not leave residue , especially in the use of the food industry , makes it an advantage over other disinfectants .

Ozone Technical Specifications

Ozone , high oxidation power is far superior to other disinfectants . Hypochlorous acid is ( HOCL ) 25 times , hipoklorit’ten (OCL ) 2500 times , kloromin’den ( nh2cl ) 5000 times more effective , even though they do not pose as well as waste and hazardous substances .

Ozone , after a short time and then again turning to oxygen is natural side effects.

Molecule O2 in the air , high energy after digestion with 2 oxygen atoms , an unstable molecule reacts with another molecule of O2 occurs. This new molecular ozon’dur . This unstable structure gives him the power of a superior oxidation . Environment due to the unstable nature of bacteria, viruses, fungi , mold, while not as well as unwanted organics , iron, manganese , chloride , nitrite, and so on. oxidizing agents eliminate dust .
Powers of ozone and other oxidizing disinfectants

Disinfectant: Oxidation Power ( Volts)
Ozone (O3 ) : 2.07
H2O2 ( hydrogen peroxide ) : 1.77
Permanganate : 1.67
Chlorine dioxide : 1.57
Hypochlorus acid : 1.49
Chlorine gas : 1.36
Oxygen : 1.23
Bromine : 1.09
Hypochlorite : 0.94
Chloride : 0.76
Iodine : 0.54

Recommendations for Use

There are some restrictions on the use of ozone . The amount of ozone in the presence of the human by the World Health Organization 0.05 ppm is recommended to not exceed i . Amount of exposure to ozone on this can be found in the upper respiratory tract irritation . 0.05 ppm has no harmful effects of any given time period . Off when the amount of ozone -performing environment as much as 0.05 ppm ozone smell will not damage the risk is too weak.

( ACGIH policies of the United States EPA and USDA OSHO amount of 0.10 ppm for 8 hours of exposure to ozone levels there is a negative effect on health have been identified.

A chemical compound consisting of three oxygen atoms . Normal atmospheric diatomic oxygen ( O2), which is a form of very high energy . Thus, the two kinds of structures of the molecule are different.

Symmetric expansion of the ozone molecule oxygen atom .

Last year, during shining , ozone (O3 ) , is composed of three oxygen atoms and is vital layer of the stratosphere . Reproducing the atmosphere of nitrogen (78%) , oxygen (21%) and carbon dioxide and so on. at levels significantly lower than the basic gases such as ozone protection and climate affect the living things on the surface plays an important role in both . Especially ozone , ultraviolet rays from the sun along with the oxygen in the bulk layer of the stratosphere absorb and place these rays from reaching to the surface of the burning effect of preventing not only destroys .
Ozone Molecule Structure

Molecular mass 47,998 g of ozone in the ozone layer weight was determined to be 3.29 x 109 tons .
The physical appearance of the ozone molecule

Nearly 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere , from the surface in about 10 to 50 km ( 32,000 to 164,000 feet) is located in a layer between the levels in the stratosphere . The remaining 10% from the amount of ozone in the troposphere layer extending to about 10-15 km, is inside .

Stratospheric ozone layer is produced on the equatorial belt during the whole year , with the movement of air is carried to the poles here . In the lower part of the layer of ozone in the stratosphere where the best can be determined by the height of tropopause . The world average of 300 Dobson Units (Dobson Unit) has been around geographically between 230 and 500 Dobson Units . Total ozone amount of 240 Dobson Units on the equatorial belt (Dobson Units) have the lowest average and when you go from the equator to the poles of 400 Dobson Units (Dobson Units) up to increase.

Total ozone under standard pressure and temperature , the base of a vertical column of 1 cm2 , which is expressed as an amount of ozone contained . Typical value 0.3 to be referred as the unit of pressure atmosphere centimeters. Dobson Units more frequently as the shaft -atmosphere – centimeters ( m – atm- cm ) is used.

A Dobson Units , ozone volume of about one part per billion ( 1 ppbv ) , refers to the average concentration of atmospheric . 1 DU = 10-3 atm- cm = 0.01 mm = 10 – 5m.
Dobson unit

Ozone partial pressure , usually between 15 and 25 of the lower stratosphere is the highest level of kilometers , the maximum ozone concentration (10 ppmv ) of these distances can be reached again . However, in different concentrations of ozone molecules from the ground 50 to a height extending away and in this range the amount of total ozone is generally called the ozone layer . This layer protects the components in the surface of the harmful solar radiation .
Features

Known Ozone Triatomik oxygen , active oxygen
Molecular formula : O3
Components: Oxygen Atom
Molecular weight: 48
Boiling : -111.3 C
Color: – 146 C, light blue liquid
Color: – 220 C dark blue crystalline form
Color: Colorless + C
Odor : pungent odor after 0.02 ppm , after completing the half- life does not smell .
He deg C Solubility in water : 0.64
Density: 2,144
Flammability: Not flammable . However, strongly supports the combustion event
Fire and Explosion risk: an unstable gas and ozone decomposes to oxygen under normal conditions . However, iron , copper , chromium and other elements in an environment with high temperature can be explosive .
Ort.Kons is Mak.Müsade . : 0.240 mg/m3 . in the air

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